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About Us

About Wolters Kluwer Law & Business

Wolters Kluwer Law & Business is a leading global provider of intelligent information and electronic solutions for legal and business professional, and expert educational resources for law students and professors.

We connect people in legal and business communities with timely, specialized expertise and information-enabled solutions to support our customers’ success through productivity, accuracy and mobility.

Servicing customers worldwide, Wolters Kluwer Law & Business products include those under the Aspen Publishers, CCH, Kluwer Law International, LoisLaw, Best Case, MediRegs, ftwiliams and TAGData names.

Kluwer Law International is registered at the Chamber of Commerce in The Hague under number 27152618.

About Our Partners

Kluwer Law International has partnered with the following organizations to develop this service:

Derk Visser

Hoyng Rokh Monegier

Heymans Verlag

Bird & Bird

Kluwer Law International wishes to thank the following contributors for their ongoing commitment to this service:

Arnold & Siedsma

Brinkhof

European Patent Institute

● Kluwer Copyright Cases correspondents

● Kluwer Patent Cases correspondents

Kluwer Patent Blog contributors and correspondents

Kluwer Copyright Blog contributors and correspondents

● Manual Industrial Property's contributors

Our Smart Charts™ have been developed in cooperation with renowned editors to provide you with a way to quickly and easily compare information from multiple jurisdictions:

Manual IP Smart Charts: edited by Arnold & Siedsma

Visser’s EPC Smart Charts: edited by Derk Visser, Patent attorney at EIP

Patent Litigation Smart Charts: edited by Frank Eijsvogels, attorney and partner at Hoyng Rokh Monegier

Trademark Litigation Smart Charts: edited by Wouter Pors and Manon Rieger-Jansen, partners at Bird & Bird

Kluwer Law International is grateful for the assistance of the Kluwer IP Editorial Advisory Board:

Peter Chrocziel, Freshfields, Bruckhaus Deringer, Germany

Trevor Cook, WilmerHale, New York

Frank Eijsvogels, Hoyng Rokh Monegier, The Netherlands

Alan Potter, Potter IP, New Zealand

Manual Industrial Property

General Editors

Arnold & Siedsma

Editor

A J Park

Contributors

Jurisdiction

Reporter(s)

Afghanistan

Abu-Ghazaleh Intellectual Property

Africa (ARIPO)

Spoor & Fisher Jersey

Africa (OAPI)

Spoor & Fisher Jersey

Albania

Eno Dodbiba

Algeria

BACIP

American Samoa

AJ Park

Andorra

Elzaburu

Angola

J. E. Dias Costa, Lda.

Anguilla

HSM IP Ltd.

Antigua & Barbuda

HSM IP Ltd.

Argentina

Richelet & Richelet

Armenia

Knyazyan & Partners

Aruba

VanEps Kunneman VanDoorne

Australia

Grifith Hack

Austria

Sonn & Partner

Azerbaijan

Petošević

Bahama Islands

HSM IP Ltd.

Bahrain

Abu-Ghazaleh Intellectual Property

Bangladesh

Lall & Sethi Advocates

Barbados

HSM IP Ltd.

Belarus

Gorodissky & Partners

Belgium

Arnold & Siedsma

Belize

Caribbean IP

Benelux

Arnold & Siedsma

Benin

Spoor & Fisher Jersey

Bermuda

HSM IP Ltd.

Bhutan

Lall & Sethi Advocates

Bolivia

Bufete Aguirre

Bosnia & Herzegovina

Petošević

Botswana

Spoor & Fisher SA

Brazil

Di Blasi, Parente & Associados

British Virgin Islands

HSM IP Ltd.

Brunei

Drew & Napier

Bulgaria

Bojinov & Bojinov Ltd

Burkina Faso

Spoor & Fisher Jersey

Burundi

ENSafrica Burundi Limited

Cambodia

BNG Legal

Cameroon

Spoor & Fisher Jersey

Canada

Gilbert’s LLP

Cape Verde Islands

J. E. Dias Costa, Lda.

Cayman Islands

HSM IP Ltd.

Central African Republic

Spoor & Fisher Jersey

Chad Republic

Spoor & Fisher Jersey

Chile

Johansson & Langlois

China

AFD China IP

Colombia

Cavelier Abogados

Comoros

Spoor & Fisher Jersey

Congo (Republic of the Congo)

Spoor & Fisher Jersey

Cook Islands

AJ Park

Costa Rica

Consortium Centro America Abogados

Croatia

Petoševic

Cuba

Aldecoa & Elias SRL

Curacao

VanEps Kunneman VanDoorne

Cyprus

Andreas Neocleous & Co LLC

Czech Republic

Všetečka Zelený Švorčík Kalenský and partner

Democratic Republic of the Congo

Spoor & Fisher Jersey

Denmark

Zacco

Djibouti

Spoor & Fisher Jersey

Dominica

HSM IP Ltd.

Dominican Republic

Central Law

East Timor

Rouse & Co International

Ecuador

Fabara & Guerrero

Egypt

Ragaii El Dekki & Partners

El Salvador

Consortium Centro America Abogados

Equatorial Guinea

Spoor & Fisher Jersey

Eritrea

Getachew & Associates Law office

Estonia

Patendibüroo TURVAJA Ü

Ethiopia

Getachew & Associates Law office

Eurasian Patent System

Gorodissky & Partners

European Patent System

Arnold & Siedsma

European Union

Arnold & Siedsma

Falkland Islands

Lysaght & Co

Fiji

Neel Shivam Lawyers

Finland

Kolster Oy Ab

France

Germain et Maureau

Gabon

Spoor & Fisher Jersey

Gambia

Spoor & Fisher Jersey

Gaza Strip

Abu-Ghazaleh Intellectual Property

Georgia

Mikadze, Gegetchkori, Taktakishvili

Germany

Boehmert & Boehmert

Ghana

Spoor & Fisher Jersey

Gibraltar

Lysaght & Co

Greece

Dr Helen G. Papaconstantinou and Partners

Grenada

Afi Ventour & Co

Guam

AJ Park

Guatemala

Consortium Taboada & Asociados

Guernsey

Lysaght & Co

Guinea

Spoor & Fisher Jersey

Guinea-Bissau

Spoor & Fisher Jersey

Gulf Coop Council

Abu-Ghazaleh Intellectual Property

Guyana

HSM IP Ltd.

Haiti

Spoor & Fisher Jersey

Honduras

Central Law

Hong Kong

Ella Cheong

Hungary

Danubia

Iceland

Patice IP Legal

India

Ella Cheong Spruson & Ferguson (ECSF)

Indonesia

Rouse & Co International

Iran

Abu-Ghazaleh Intellectual Property

Iraq

Abu-Ghazaleh Intellectual Property

Ireland

F.R. Kelly

Isle of Man

Lysaght & Co

Israel

Reinhold Cohn Group

Italy

Società Italiana Brevetti

Ivory Coast

Spoor & Fisher Jersey

Jamaica

Foga Daley Attorneys at Law

Japan

Aoyama & Partners

Jersey

Lysaght & Co

Jordan

Abu-Ghazaleh Intellectual Property

Kazakhstan

Gorodissky & Partners

Kenya

Spoor & Fisher Jersey

Kiribati

AJ Park

Korea (North)

-

Korea (South)

Kims and Lees

Kosovo

Petošević

Kuwait

Abu-Ghazaleh Intellectual Property

Kyrgyzstan

Gorodissky & Partners

Laos

Phoenix Asean Law firm

Latvia

Petersona Patents

Lebanon

Abu-Ghazaleh Intellectual Property

Lesotho

Spoor & Fisher SA

Liberia

Spoor & Fisher Jersey

Libya

Spoor & Fisher Jersey

Liechtenstein

Wanger

Lithuania

Metida

Luxembourg

Office Freylinger

Macao

A.G. Da Cunha Ferreira, LDA.

Macedonia

Pepeljugoski Law Office & Intellectual Property Bureau

Madagascar

Spoor & Fisher Jersey

Malawi

Spoor & Fisher Jersey

Malaysia

Spruson & Ferguson

Maldives

Spoor & Fisher Jersey

Mali Republic

Spoor & Fisher Jersey

Malta

EMD

Marshall Islands

AJ Park

Mauritania

Spoor & Fisher Jersey

Mauritius

Geroudis Glover Ghurburrun

Mexico

Clarke, Modet & Co

Micronesia

AJ Park

Moldova

Vernon David

Monaco

Murgitroyd

Mongolia

Lehman, Lee, Xu

Montenegro

Petoševic

Montserrat

Spoor & Fisher Jersey

Morocco

Abu-Ghazaleh Intellectual Property

Mozambique

A.G. Da Cunha Ferreira, LDA.

Myanmar (Burma)

Ella Cheong

Namibia

Spoor & Fisher SA

Nepal

Lall & Sethi Advocates

Netherlands

Arnold & Siedsma

New Zealand

AJ Park

Nicaragua

Consortium Taboada & Asociados

Niger

Spoor & Fisher Jersey

Nigeria

Jackson, Etti & Edu

Niue

AJ Park

Northern Cyprus

Abu-Ghazaleh Intellectual Property

Northern Mariana Islands

AJ Park

Norway

Zacco

Oman

Saba & Co. Intellectual Property

Pakistan

Abu-Ghazaleh Intellectual Property

Palau

AJ Park

Panama

Benedetti & Benedetti

Papua New Guinea

AJ Park

Paraguay

Zacarias & Fernandez Abogados

Peru

Rodrigo, Elias & Medrano Abogados

Phillipines

Baranda & Associates

Poland

Bird & Bird

Portugal

J. E. Dias Costa, Lda.

Puerto Rico

HSM IP Ltd.

Qatar

Saba & Co. Intellectual Property

Romania

Petosevic

Russian Federation

Gorodissky & Partners

Rwanda

Spoor & Fisher Jersey

Samoa (western)

AJ Park

San Marino

Società Italiana Brevetti

Sao Tome e Principe

J. E. Dias Costa, Lda.

Saudi Arabia

Abu-Ghazaleh Intellectual Property

Senegal

Spoor & Fisher Jersey

Serbia

Petoševic

Seychelles

Spoor & Fisher Jersey

Sierra Leone

Spoor & Fisher Jersey

Singapore

Spruson & Ferguson

Sint Maarten

VanEps Kunneman VanDoorne

Slovakia

Majlingova & Partners

Slovenia

ITEM D.O.O.

Solomon Islands

Henry Hughes

Somalia

Spoor & Fisher Jersey

South Africa

Spoor & Fisher SA

South Sudan

Spoor & Fisher Jersey

Spain

Elzaburu

Sri Lanka

John Wilson Partners

St. Helena

Spoor & Fisher Jersey

St. Kitts & Nevis

HSM IP Ltd.

St. Lucia

Caribbean IP

St. Vincent & The Grenadines

HSM IP Ltd.

Sudan

Abu-Ghazaleh Intellectual Property

Suriname

HSM IP Ltd.

Swaziland

Spoor & Fisher SA

Sweden

Awapatent AB

Switzerland

Braunpat Braun Eger AG

Syria

Abu-Ghazaleh Intellectual Property

Taiwan

Rich IP & Co

Tajikistan

Samadov, Abdullaev & Nazirov Law Office

Tanzania

LexGlobe LLP

Thailand

Satyapon & Partners Limited

Togo

Spoor & Fisher Jersey

Tonga

Henry Hughes

Transnistria

Vernon David

Trinidad & Tobago

J.D. Sellier + Co.

Tunisia

Abu-Ghazaleh Intellectual Property

Turkey

Abu-Ghazaleh Intellectual Property

Turkmenistan

Gorodissky & Partners

Turks & Caikos

Miller, Simons, O’Sullivan

Tuvalu

AJ Park

Uganda

Spoor & Fisher Jersey

Ukraine

Gorodissky & Partners

United Arab Emirates

Abu-Ghazaleh Intellectual Property

United Kingdom

Gill Jennings & Every LLP

United States of America

Kenyon & Kenyon

Uruguay

Fox & Lapenne

Uzbekistan

Gorodissky & Partners

Vanuatu

AJ Park

Vatican City

Società Italiana Brevetti

Venezuela

Hoet Pelaez Castillo & Duque

Vietnam

Pham & Associates

West Bank

Abu-Ghazaleh Intellectual Property

Western Sahara

Arnold & Siedsma

Yemen

Abu-Ghazaleh Intellectual Property

Zambia

Spoor & Fisher Jersey

Zanzibar

LexGlobe LLP

Zimbabwe

Honey & Blanckenberg

Kluwer Copyright Cases

Editors and Correspondents Kluwer Copyright Cases

IViR – Institute for Information Law

Editors

Bernt Hugenholtz, Lucie Guibault and Piter de Weerd

Correspondents

Jurisdiction

Contributor(s)

Email

Austria

Thomas Petz, Department of Justice of Austria, Vienna

Thomas.Petz@justiz.gv.at

Belgium

Alexandre Cruquenaire, Research Centre on IT and Law (CRID), University of Namur, attorney at elegis, Namur

a.cruquenaire@elegis.be

Philippe Laurent, Research Centre on IT and Law (CRID), University of Namur, attorney at Marx Van Ranst

Philippe.Laurent@mvvp.be

Bulgaria

Teodora Tsenova, Djingov, Gouginski, Kyutchukov & Velichkov (DGKV), Sofia

teodora.tsenova@gmail.com

Croatia

Iva Sunko and Dora Jabuka, Vukić, Jelušić, Šulina, Stanković, Jurcan & Jabuka Law firm, Rijeka

iva.sunko@vukic-lawfirm.hr; dora.jabuka@vukic-lawfirm.hr                       

Cyprus

Tatiana Eleni Synodinou, University of Cyprus

tatianasinodin@hotmail.com

Czech Republic

Tomáš Dobřichovský, Faculty of Charles University, Kříž & Bĕlina Law Firm, Prague

tomas.dobrichovsky@akkb.cz

Denmark

Maria Fredenslund, RettighedsAlliancen

maria@talent.dk

Estonia

Elise Vasamäe, Aavik & Partners Law Office, Tallinn

elise.vasamae@aaviklaw.ee

Finland

Heiki Pisuke, Faculty of Law, University of Tartu

heiki.pisuke@ut.ee

Herkko Hietanen, PhD,LL.M. Researcher, Helsinki Institute for Information Technology and Partner at Turre Law Firm

herkko.hietanen@turre.com

France

Brad Spitz, Ys Avocats, Paris

bs@ys-avocats.com

Germany

Benjamin Schütze, Leibnitz Universität, Hannover

schuetze@iri.uni-hannover.de

Greece

Tatiana Eleni Synodinou, University of Cyprus

tatianasinodin@hotmail.com

Hungary

Dr. Eszter Kabai, head of Legal Department at Artisjus and member of the Hungarian Copyright Expert Group

ekabai@artisjus.com

Ireland

Ian Ó Maolchraoibhe, Researcher, School of law, National University of Ireland, Galway

i.omaolchraoibhe1@nuigalway.ie

Italy

Giorgio Spedicato, University of Bologna

giorgio.spedicato@unibo.it

Latvia

Magda Papēde, Dr. iur. candidate at the University of Freiburg, Germany, member of Modernisation group of Latvian Copyright Law at the Ministry of Culture

info@autornica.lv

Lithuania

Inga Lukauskiene, Law Firm of Reda Zaboliene METIDA, Vilnius

inga.lukauskiene@metida.lt

Malta

Jeanine Rizzo, Fenech & Fenech Advocates, Valletta

jeanine.rizzo@fenlex.com

Netherlands

Lucie Guibault, Institute for Information Law (IViR), University of Amsterdam

l.guibault@uva.nl

Piter de Weerd, Institute for Information Law (IViR), University of Amsterdam

p.j.deweerd@uva.nl

Norway

Irina Eidsvold Tøien, Norwegian Research Center for Computers and Law, University of Oslo

i.e.toien@jus.uio.no

Poland

Marcin Balicki, Traple Konarski Podrecki, Kancelaria Prawna Kraków

www.goldenline.pl/marcin-balicki3

Portugal

Alexandre Pereira, Law Faculty of Coimbra University

alexis@fd.uc.pt

Romania

Răzvan Dincă, University of Bucharest, STOICA & Asociaţii Attorneys at Law, Bucharest

rdinca@stoica-asociatii.ro

Slovakia

Martin Husovec, European Information Society Institute, Vranov

martin.husovec@gmail.com

Slovenia

Maja Bogataj Jančič, Intellectual Property Institute (IPI), Ljubljana

maja.bogataj@ipi.si

Spain

Patricia Mariscal Garrido-Falla, Elzaburu

pmg@elzaburu.es

Sweden

Johan Axhamn, Department of Law, Stockholm University

johan.axhamn@juridicum.su.se

Switzerland

Yaniv Benhamou, Lenz & Staehellin, Geneva

yanivbenhamou@yahoo.fr

United Kingdom

Maurizio Borghi, University of Bournemouth

mborghi@bournemouth.ac.uk

Stavroula Karapapa, University of Reading

s.karapapa@reading.ac.uk

Kluwer Patent Cases

Editors and Correspondents Kluwer Patent Cases

Brinkhof

Editors

Ruprecht Hermans, Rik Lambers en Gerben Hartman

Correspondents

Jurisdiction

Contributor(s)

Email

Austria

Manuel Wegrostek, Gassauer-Fleissner Rechtsanwälte GmbH, Vienna

m.wegrostek@gassauer.at

Dominik Goebel, Gassauer-Fleissner Rechtsanwlte GmbH, Vienna

d.goebel@gassauer.at

Belgium

Patricia Cappuyns, Cappuyns Intellectual Property Law

patriciacappuyns@skynet.be

Bulgaria

Ivan Marinov, Delchev & Partners, Sofia

office@delchev-lawfirm.com

Croatia

Andrej Matijevich, Matijevich Law Offices, Zagreb

tfra@amatlaw.com

Tamiko Franklin, Matijevich Law Offices, Zagreb

Cyprus

Christos A. Theodoulou, Law Offices of Dr. Christos A. Theodolou, Larnaca

c.a.theodoulou@cytanet.com.cy

Czech Republic

Michal Havlík, Associated Law Offices Všetečka Zelený Švorčík Kalenský and Partners, Prague

havlik@sak-alo.cz

Denmark

Anders Valentin, Horten Law Firm, Copenhagen

ava@horten.dk

Estonia

Aleksei Kelli, University of Tartu, Faculty of Law, Tallinn

Aleksei.Kelli@ut.ee

Finland

Rainer Hilli, Roschier, Helsinki

Rainer.Hilli@roschier.com

Johanna Lilja, Roschier, Helsinki

Johanna.Lilja@roschier.com

France

Emmanuel Gougé, Pinsent Masons, Paris

Emmanuel.Gouge@pinsentmasons.com

Germany

Dr. Anja Petersen-Padberg, Hoffmann Eitle, Munich

APetersen@HoffmannEitle.com

Jochen Buehling, Krieger Mes & Graf v. der Groeben

jochen.buehling@krieger-mes.de

Greece

Panagiotis Drakopoulos, Drakopoulos Law Firm, Athens

info@drakopoulos-law.com

Hungary

Gábor Faludi, Szecskay Attorneys at Law, Budapest

gabor.faludi@szecskay.com

Gusztáv Bacher, Szecskay Attorneys at Law, Budapest

gustav.bacher@szecskay.com

Iceland

Árni Vilhjálmsson, LOGOS legal services, Reykjavík

logos@logos.is or arni@logos.is

Ireland

Fiona O'Beirne, McCann Fitzgerald, Dublin

Fiona.OBeirne@mccannfitzgerald.ie

Shane O'Brien, McCann Fitzgerald, Dublin

Shane.OBrien@mccannfitzgerald.ie

Italy

Daniela Ampollini, Trevisan & Cuonzo Avvocati, Parma

dampollini@trevisancuonzo.com

Latvia

Ruta Olmane, Law Firm of Reda Zaboliene METIDA, Riga

ruta.olmane@metida.lv

Lithuania

Prof. Mindaugas Kiskis, Mykolas Romeris University

mkiskis@mruni.eu

Luxembourg

Nicolas Decker, Decker & Braun, Luxembourg

decker.braun@pt.lu

Netherlands

Ruprecht Hermans, Brinkhof, Amsterdam

info@brinkhof.com

Norway

Kaja Veel Midtbø, Wikborg Rein, Oslo

kvm@wr.no

Lars Erik Steinkjer, Wikborg Rein, Oslo

lst@wr.no

Poland

Krystyna Szczepanowska-Kozłowska, DLA Piper, Warsaw

krystyna.szczepanowska@dlapiper.com

Portugal

Jaime Medeiros, Coelho Ribeiro e Associados, Lisbon

jaime.medeiros@cralaw.com

Monica Chambre, Coelho Ribeiro e Associados, Lisbon

Monica.chambre@cralaw.com

Romania

Claudia Hutina, Drakopoulos Law Firm, Bucharest

ichutina@drakopoulos-law.com

Slovakia

Zuzana Adamová, Itellectual Property Law Institute, Trnava University, Trnava

zuzana.adamova@gmail.com

Slovenia

Maja Bogataj Jančič, Intellectual Property Institute (IPI), Ljubljana

maja.bogataj@ipi.si

Spain

Miquel Montañá, Clifford Chance, Barcelona

miquel.montana@cliffordchance.com

Sweden

David Nilsson, Bird & Bird, Stockholm

David.Nilsson@twobirds.com

Switzerland

Peter Ling, Lenz & Staehelin

peter.ling@lenzstaehelin.com

Turkey

Mehmet Gün, Gün Avukatlik Bürosu - Mehmet Gün & Partners, Istanbul

gun@gun.av.tr

United Kingdom

Philip Westmacott, Bristows, London

info@bristows.com

Robert Burrows, Bristows, London

Brian Cordery, Bristows, London

Sam Tuxford, Bristows, London

EPO Chemical Engineering

Jaap Mannaerts, Nederlandsch Octrooibureau, The Hague/Ede/Eindhoven

Mannaerts@octrooibureau.nl

Mari Korsten, Nederlandsch Octrooibureau, The Hague/Ede/Eindhoven

Korsten@octrooibureau.nl

EPO Biotechnology

Tamara Elmore, Vereenigde, Amersfoort

T.Elmore@Vereenigde.nl

EPO Mechanical Engineering

Herman Witmans, Vereenigde, Arnhem/The Hague

h.witmans@vereenigde.nl

Lars de Haas, Vereenigde, Arnhem/The Hague

l.dehaas@vereenigde.nl

EPO Electrical Engineering

Ferry van Looijengoed, De Vries & Metman, Amsterdam

f.vanLooijengoed@dvme.nl

Erik Visscher, De Vries & Metman, Amsterdam

E.Visscher@dvme.nl